Use Front Matter Images for Twitter Card Images in GatsbyJS

Although there are some excellent packages to automatically generate Twitter cards with Gatsby, like gatsby-remark-twitter-cards, some articles might have more success with custom thumbnail images. For example, without image:

Twitter card without image

With image:

Twitter card with image

This tutorial will show you an easy way to add thumbnail images for Twitter cards to your Gatsby blog.

Setup

The method described below requires a few packages like react-helmet, gatsby-source-filesystem, gatsby-transformer-remark, gatsby-remark-images, and gatsby-transformer-sharp. Luckily, the gatsby-starter-blog template comes with all of these packages preinstalled and configured so we will use this template to illustrate. First set up a new repo using gatsby new according to the documentation:

shell
1.gatsby new my-blog-starter https://github.com/gatsbyjs/gatsby-starter-blog

Everything is already set up and configured so there’s nothing else we need to do to get started.

Adding the image and front matter property

Our goal is to define an image in the front matter of one of our posts and pass that data to the blog-post template and finally to the SEO component where it will be added to the appropriate meta tags.

The gatsby-starter-blog stores blog articles in the content/blog folder. At this point, we can add an image to the hello-world folder or use the image, salty_egg.jpg, that comes with the template.

Blog Structure

Open content/blog/hello-world/index.md and add a new front matter property named thumbnail with a string that points to the image file:

shell
1.---
2.title: Hello World
3.date: "2015-05-01T22:12:03.284Z"
4.description: "Hello World"
5.thumbnail: './salty_egg.jpg'
6.---

Accessing the thumbnail image in the blog-template

Next, we need to access the thumbnail image within the blog-post template and pass it to the SEO component. Go to src/templates/blog-post.js and scroll down to the pageQuery variable at the bottom of the file. Notice that we’re grabbing the front matter data title, date, and description. To grab the thumbnail property we need to add the following right below description.

jsx
1.export const pageQuery = graphql`
2. query BlogPostBySlug($slug: String!) {
3. site {
4. siteMetadata {
5. title
6. }
7. }
8. markdownRemark(fields: { slug: { eq: $slug } }) {
9. id
10. excerpt(pruneLength: 160)
11. html
12. frontmatter {
13. title
14. date(formatString: "MMMM DD, YYYY")
15. description
16. thumbnail {
17. childImageSharp {
18. sizes(maxWidth: 600) {
19. ...GatsbyImageSharpSizes
20. }
21. }
22. }
23. }
24. }
25. }
26.`;

Sharp will process the image and provide various sizes that are smaller than the maxWidth we pass into sizes.

Next, go to the BlogPostTemplate component within the same file. Our goal is to pass the thumbnail to the SEO component within this template, so first pull the thumbnail property from the markdownRemark data and frontmatter object.

jsx
1....
2.const BlogPostTemplate = ({ data, pageContext, location }) => {
3. const post = data.markdownRemark
4. const siteTitle = data.site.siteMetadata.title
5. const { previous, next } = pageContext
6. const thumbnail = post.frontmatter.thumbnail // <---
7. ...
8.}

Then pass the thumbnail into the SEO component below the title and description props.

jsx
1.<SEO
2. title={post.frontmatter.title}
3. description={post.frontmatter.description || post.excerpt}
4. thumbnail={thumbnail}
5./>

Passing Thumbnail in Meta Tags

The final step is to set the image in the twitter meta tags within the seo component. Open src/components/seo.js and pull in the thumbnail property.

jsx
1.const SEO = ({ description, lang, meta, title, thumbnail }) => {

The twitter:image meta tag requires the full URL for the thumbnail image. We can get the image src from the thumbnail object which will look something like this:

Thumnail object structure

Create a variable to hold the src string, but make sure to check that there actually is a thumbnail for that article as well. Otherwise, Gatsbyjs will crash on articles that do not have thumbnails because it will be looking for childImageSharp of an undefined object.

jsx
1.const imageSrc = thumbnail && thumbnail.childImageSharp.sizes.src;

Now that we have the location of the image on the site, we need to add the full domain to the imageSrc string to create the full URL for the image. We can get the domain origin from the window object: window.location.origin. However, Gatsby builds often throw errors when window is undefined in that environment. So we need to do a quick check to make sure window is not undefined.

jsx
1.let origin = "";
2.if (typeof window !== "undefined") {
3. origin = window.location.origin;
4.}

Next, we can create the full URL for the image by concatenating the two variables.

jsx
1.const image = origin + imageSrc;

Finally, add the Twitter meta tag, twitter:image, to the array of tags with the content property pointing to the image variable defined above.

jsx
1.{
2. name: `twitter:image`,
3. content: image,
4.},

Conclusion

Now when you add a custom thumbnail to a blog post and share the link on Twitter the thumbnail will display with the card. Additionally, you can test how your cards will display by using the Twitter Card Validator.